Jammu

 

Jammu, popularly known as the 'City of Temples', because of the reasons that it has so many small and big temples & shrines. It is one of the three regions comprising the Jammu and Kashmir. The city is ideal for nature lovers, adventure lovers and Pilgrimages. The main highlight is the Mata Vaishno Devi temple, located just 61kms from Jammu.

The city spreads around the Tawi river with the old city overlooking it from the north (right bank) while the new neighborhoods spread around the southern side (left bank) of river. There are four bridges on the river. The fifth bridge on the Tawi river is under construction and would be ready soon. The city is not flat.

Main Tourist Spots in Jammu

Vaishno Devi

 

Jammu is home to the famous Vaishno Devi shrine. Nestling on top of the Trikuta Hills at a height of 1700 m is the sacred cave shrine of Vaishno Devi, the mother goddess. At a distance of 61km from Jammu, the cave is 30 metres long and just 1.5 m high. At the end of the cave are shrines dedicated to the three forms of the mother goddess - Mahakali, Mahalakshmi and Mahasarasvati. Pilgrims enter in small groups through a narrow opening and walk through ice-cold waters to reach the shrines. According to legend, the mother goddess hid in the cave while escaping a demon whom she ultimately killed. The cave shrine of Trikuta Bhagwati has been a beacon of faith and fulfillment for millions of devotees since time immemorial.

Bahu Fort

 


Bahu fort was modified and improved by Dogra Rulers of Jammu but first built it was built by the Raja Bahulochan. This fort is located at a distance of around 5 km from the main city and perhaps is the oldest edifice in the Jammu. This fort is facing the Tawi River. There is a temple of goddess kali in the fort. This fort is just 5kms from the city center and was built by Raja Bhaulochan about 3000 years ago. Its has temple of Goddess Kali and the other highlight is the the terrace garden called Bagh-e-Bahu.

Mansar Lake

 


60 kms. from Jammu is this beautiful lake fringed by forest-covered hills deriving the name from Manasarovar, the Mansar lake is not only considered as an abbreviated form of the name of that great lake but also shares its sanctity. Besides being a popular excursion destination in Jammu, it is also a holy site, sharing the legend and sanctity of Lake Mansarovar. On the Eastern Bank of the Lake there is a shrine to Sheshnag, a mythological snake with six heads. The shrine comprises a big boulder on which are placed a number of iron chains perhaps representing the small serpents waiting on the tutelary deity of the Sheshnag. Two ancient temples of Umapati Mahadev & Narsimha as also a temple of Durga are situated in the vicinity of the Mansar lake. People take a holy dip in the water of the lake on festive occasions.

Patnitop

 


This beautiful place is 112 kms. from Jammu and in recent times the place has really come up, as a tourist destination in J&K. It is located on the Jammu Srinagar highway and offers beautiful picnic spots, peaceful walks and breathtaking views of the mountains cape of the Chenab basin. Origin of the name Patnitop is a distortion of the original name of "Patan Da Talab" meaning "Pond of the Princess". In olden times a pond existed in the meadows and the kings princess often used to have her bath there.

Raghunath Temple

 

Amongst the temples in Jammu, the Raghunath Temple takes pride of place being situated right in the heart of the city. This temple is situated at the city center and was built in 1857. Work on the temple was started by Maharaja Gulab Singh, founder of the Kingdom of Jammu and Kashmir, in 1835 AD and was completed by his son Maharaja Ranbir Singh in 1860 AD. The inner walls of the main temple are covered with gold sheet on three sides. There are many galleries with lakhs of saligrams. The surrounding Temples are dedicated to various Gods and Goddesses connected with the epic Ramayana. This temple consists of seven shrines, each with a tower of its own. It is the largest temple complex in northern India. Though 130 years old, the complex is remarkable for sacred scriptures, one of the richest collections of ancient texts and manuscripts in its library. Its arches, surface and niches are undoubtedly influenced by Mughal architecture while the interiors of the temple are plated with gold. The main sanctuary is dedicated to Lord Vishnu's eighth incarnation and Dogras' patron deity, the Rama. It also houses a Sanskrit Library containing rare Sanskrit manuscripts.

Other attractions

  • Ranbireshwar Temple
  • Shiv Khori
  • Sudh Mahadev
  • Surinsar Lake
  • Sanasar

How to reach

By train

Jammu is well connected by train to points south and east. Jammu Tawi is an important railhead of the Norther Railways serving the Jammu and Kashmir State. It is the second last major rail stop heading north, the last one being Udhampur and most people only see it long enough to get from the train station to the bus stand to continue on to Srinagar.


By plane

Jammu has an excellent airport which has many flights from Delhi and Leh.Spice Jet, Jet Airways, Air India and Goair have flights from Delhi.

By car

Jammu lies on the National Highway 1-A and is connected by national highway network to all parts of the country. Amritsar - 243 kms, Chandigarh - 436 kms , Delhi - 586 kms., Katra - 48 kms, Srinagar - 305 kms, Manali - 428 kms, Patnitop - 112 kms. Mansar - 60 kms. .

 

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